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16 January, 2009

Trojans and Backdoors

A Trojan horse is an unauthorized program contained within a legitimate program. This unauthorized program performs functions unknown (and probably unwanted) by the user.



  • It is a legitimate program that has been altered by the placement of unauthorized code within it; this code performs functions unknown (and probably unwanted) by the user.

  • Any program that appears to perform a desirable and necessary function but that (because of unauthorized code within it that is unknown to the user) performs functions unknown (and definitely unwanted) by the user.


Working of Trojans




 



  • Attacker gets access to the trojaned system as the system goes online

  • By way of the access provided by the trojan attacker can stage attacks of different types.


Various Trojan Types



  • Remote Access Trojans

  • Password Sending Trojans

  • Keyloggers

  • Destructive

  • Denial Of Service (DoS) Attack Trojans

  • Proxy/Wingate Trojans

  • FTP Trojans

  • Software Detection Killers


Modes of Transmission



  • Attachments

  • Physical Access

  • Browser And E-mail Software Bugs

  • NetBIOS (File Sharing)

  • Fake Programs

  • Un-trusted Sites And Freeware Software


Backdoor Countermeasures



  • Most commercial ant-virus products can automatically scan and detect backdoor programs before they can cause damage (Eg. before accessing a floppy, running exe or downloading mail)

  • An inexpensive tool called Cleaner (http://www.moosoft.com/cleanet.html) can identify and eradicate 1000 types of backdoor programs and trojans.

  • Educate your users not to install applications downloaded from the internet and e-mail attachments.

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